The EEA aims to support sustainable development and to help achieve significant and measurable improvement in Europe's environment through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant and reliable information to policy making agents and the public. The EEA ensures this information is available to the general public through its publications and website.
TThe EEA currently has 32 member countries, including the 27 European Union Member States, plus Turkey, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland. The EEA has a management board consisting of one representative of each of the member countries, two representatives of the European Commission and two scientific personalities designated by the European Parliament.
The EEA has developed a set of ‘energy and environment indicators’ to monitor the integration of environmental concerns in the energy sector. The indicators are updated and published annually and are organised around six policy questions: Is the use and production of energy having a decreasing impact on the environment?; is energy use decreasing?; how rapidly is energy efficiency increasing?; is there a switch to less polluting fuels?; how rapidly are renewable energy technologies being implemented?; are environmental costs better incorporated into the pricing system? http://reports.eea.europa.eu/eea_report_2006_8/en.
The EEA assists the European Commission in compiling the European Community greenhouse gas inventory. The report is the official EU submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The main report and all the underpinning data are published on the EEA website http://reports.eea.europa.eu/technical_report_2007_7/en
The EEA is a user of energy statistics. Energy data are compiled by Eurostat http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat through the five annual Joint Questionnaires, shared with the International Energy Agency. The EEA also cooperates with Eurostat to ensure consistency between national energy data used for compiling greenhouse gas emission inventories and energy data reported through the Joint Questionnaires.
The EEA, the IEA, IAEA, UNDESA and Eurostat collaborated in the production of ‘Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies’. The report was a joint international initiative to define a set of energy indicators for sustainable development and their methodologies and guidelines. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PubDetails.asp?pubId=7201 The EEA is also involved in the second report on ‘Electric Power Indicators for Sustainable Development’.